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Turkey

Current Name Founded Destroyed Age City Province/State  
Adana c. 6000 BC 1923 AD 7923 Adana Adana
Neolithic
Adana
c. 6000 BC -- c. 3000 BC
Kizzuwatna
Uru Adaniyya
c. 2000 BC -- c. 1335 BC
Hittite
Adana
c. 1335 BC -- c. 900 BC
Assyrian
Adana
c. 900 BC -- c. 600 BC
Achaemenid
Adana
c. 600 BC -- c. 333 BC
Greek
Adana
c. 333 BC -- c. 310 BC
Seleucid
Adana
c. 310 BC -- c. 100 BC
Roman
Adana
c. 100 BC -- 395 AD
Byzantine
Adana
395 AD -- c. 650 AD
Rashidun
Adana
c. 650 AD -- c. 660 AD
Umayyad
Adana
c. 660 AD -- c. 750 AD
Abbasid
Adana
c. 750 AD -- 964 AD
Byzantine
Adana
964 AD -- 1071 AD
Seljuq
Adana
1071 AD -- 1097 AD
Crusader
Adana
1097 AD -- 1132 AD
Armenian
Adana
1132 AD -- 1137 AD
Byzantine
Adana
1137 AD -- 1170 AD
Armenian
Adana
1170 AD -- 1359 AD
Ramadanid
Adana
1359 AD -- 1517 AD
Ottoman
Adana
1517 AD -- 1923 AD
Aizanoi 133 BC c. 400 AD 533 Geriz Kutahya
Roman
Aizanoi
133 BC -- c. 400 AD
Akarçay Höyük c. 8000 BC ??? 107999 Akarçay Sanliurfa
Halaf
Akarçay Höyük
c. 8000 BC -- ???
Akarcay Tepe ??? ??? 0 Akarçay Sanliurfa
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Akçemezraa ??? ??? 0 Kilis
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Alabanda c. 1000 BC c. 879 AD 1879 Çine Aydin
Carian
Alabanda
c. 1000 BC -- c. 600 BC
Greek
Alabanda
c. 600 BC -- c. 330 BC
Seleucid
Antiochia
c. 330 BC -- c. 201 BC
Greek
Alabanda
201 BC -- 190 BC
Roman
Alabanda
190 BC -- 40 BC
Parthian
Alabanda
40 BC -- c. 200 AD
Byzantine
Alabanda
c. 451 AD -- c. 879 AD
Alaca Höyük c. 4000 BC ??? 103999 Hüyük Corum
Hittite
Alaca Höyük
c. 4000 BC -- ???
Alexandria Troas 306 BC 1923 AD 2229 Bogcaada Canakkale
Greek
Alexandria Troas
306 BC -- c. 188 BC
Roman
Alexandria Troas
c. 188 BC -- c. 300 AD
Byzantine
Alexandria Troas
c. 300 AD -- 1336 AD
Ottoman
Alexandria Troas
1336 AD -- 1923 AD
Alinda c. 1500 BC c. 300 AD 1800 Karagözler Aydin
Carian
Alinda
c. 1500 BC -- c. 300 BC
Roman
Alinda
c. 300 BC -- c. 300 AD
Alishar Hüyük c. 2000 BC c. 700 BC 1300 Sorguntatlisi Yozgat
Hittite
Alishar Hüyük
c. 2000 BC -- c. 900 BC
Phrygian
Alishar Hüyük
c. 900 BC -- c. 700 BC
Allianoi c. 180 BC 1923 AD 2103 Kinik Izmir
Roman
Allianoi
c. 180 BC -- c. 330 AD
Byzantine
Allianoi
c. 330 AD -- c. 1500 AD
Ottoman
Pasa Ilicasi
c. 1500 AD -- 1923 AD
Altintepe c. 860 BC c. 590 BC 270 Umurlu Erzincan
Urartu
Altintepe
c. 860 BC -- c. 590 BC
Amorium c. 900 BC c. 300 BC 600 Emirli Afyonkarahisar
Phrygian
Amorium
c. 900 BC -- c. 300 BC
Amyzon c. 1500 BC 203 BC 1297 Amasya Aydin
Carian
Amyzon
c. 1500 BC -- c. 300 BC
Seleucid
Amyzon
c. 300 BC -- 203 BC
Anazarbus c. 1500 BC c. 1300 AD 2800 Dilekkaya Adana
Cilician
Anazarbus
c. 1500 BC -- c. 0 AD
Roman
Caesarea
c. 0 AD -- c. 330 AD
Byzantine
Justinopolis
c. 330 AD -- c. 1100 AD
Lesser Armenian
Anazarbus
c. 1100 AD -- c. 1300 AD
Ani 500 AD c. 1750 AD 1250 Ani Kars
Armenian
Khnamk
500 AD -- 1045 AD
Byzantine
Ani
1045 AD -- 1064 AD
Seljuq
Ani
1064 AD -- 1072 AD
Shaddadid
Ani
1072 AD -- 1199 AD
Georgian
Ani
1199 AD -- 1236 AD
Mongol
Ani
1236 AD -- c. 1300 AD
Jalayirid
Ani
c. 1300 AD -- c. 1350 AD
Kara Koyunlu
Ani
c. 1350 AD -- c. 1380 AD
Timurid
Ani
1380 AD -- 1441 AD
Safavid
Ani
1441 AD -- 1579 AD
Ottoman
Ani
1579 AD -- c. 1750 AD
Antalya c. 700 BC 1923 AD 2623 Antalya
Lydian
Antalya
c. 700 BC -- 546 BC
Achaemenid
Antalya
546 BC -- 334 BC
Greek
Antalya
334 BC -- 323 BC
Seleucid
Antalya
323 BC -- 188 BC
Attalid
Antalya
188 BC -- 133 BC
Roman
Antalya
133 BC -- 330 AD
Byzantine
Antalya
330 AD -- c. 1050 AD
Danishmend
Antalya
c. 1050 AD -- 1120 AD
Byzantine
Antalya
1120 AD -- 1220 AD
Seljuq
Antalya
1220 AD -- 1432 AD
Ottoman
Antalya
1432 AD -- 1923 AD
Antioch c. 300 BC c. 1500 AD 1800 Akkuyu Hatay
Seleucid
Antioch
c. 300 BC -- 83 BC
Armenian
Antioch
83 BC -- 64 BC
Roman
Antioch
64 BC -- c. 500 AD
Byzantine
Antioch
c. 500 AD -- 637 AD
Rashidun
Antakiyyah
637 AD -- c. 660 AD
Umayyad
Antakiyyah
c. 660 AD -- 969 AD
Byzantine
Antakiyyah
969 AD -- 1078 AD
Armenian
Antioch
1078 AD -- 1084 AD
Seljuq
Antioch
1084 AD -- 1098 AD
Crusader
Antioch
1098 AD -- 1158 AD
Byzantine
Antioch
1158 AD -- c. 1500 AD
Antioch on the Maeander c. 1500 BC c. 0 AD 1500 Kuyucular Aydin
Carian
Pythopolis
c. 1500 BC -- c. 300 BC
Seleucid
Antioch
c. 300 BC -- c. 0 AD
Aperlae c. 400 BC c. 700 AD 1100 Antalya
Lycian
Aperlae
c. 400 BC -- c. 700 AD
Aphrodisias c. 500 BC c. 700 AD 1200 Karacasu Aydin
Greek
Aphrodisias
c. 500 BC -- c. 150 BC
Roman
Aphrodisias
c. 150 BC -- c. 700 AD
Ariassos c. 1300 BC c. 500 BC 800 Korkudeli Antalya
Pisidian
Ariassos
c. 1300 BC -- c. 500 BC
Arycanda c. 600 BC c. 600 AD 1200 Finike Antalya
Lycian
Arycanda
c. 600 BC -- c. 600 AD
Asikli Höyük 8200 BC c. 7400 BC 800 Güzelyurt Aksaray
Unknown
Asikli Höyük
8200 BC -- c. 7400 BC
Aspendos c. 1000 BC c. 1900 AD 2900 Sazak Antalya
Greek
Aspendos
c. 1000 BC -- 546 BC
Achaemenid
Aspendos
546 BC -- 467 BC
Greek
Aspendos
467 BC -- 411 BC
Achaemenid
Aspendos
411 BC -- 333 BC
Greek
Aspendos
333 BC -- 190 BC
Roman
Aspendos
190 BC -- c. 285 AD
Byzantine
Aspendos
c. 285 AD -- c. 1500 AD
Ottoman
Aspendos
c. 1500 AD -- c. 1900 AD
Assos c. 1000 BC c. 300 AD 1300 Ayvacik Canakkale
Greek
Assos
c. 1000 BC -- 241 BC
Attalid
Assos
241 BC -- 133 BC
Roman
Assos
133 BC -- c. 300 AD
Atarneus c. 500 BC c. 100 AD 600 Dikeli Izmir
Greek
Atarneus
c. 500 BC -- c. 100 AD
Ayanis 99999 BC ??? 199998 Van
Unknown
Ayanis
99999 BC -- ???
Basorin ??? ??? 0 Sirnak
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Bellitas ??? ??? 0 Haran Sanliurfa
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Beycesultan c. 3500 BC c. 1900 AD 5400 Çivril Denizli
Neolithic
Beycesultan
c. 3500 BC -- c. 1800 BC
Hittite
Beycesultan
c. 1800 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Byzantine
Beycesultan
c. 300 AD -- c. 900 AD
Seljuq
Beycesultan
c. 900 AD -- c. 1500 AD
Ottoman
Beycesultan
c. 1500 AD -- c. 1900 AD
Boztepe ??? ??? 0 Suruç Sanliurfa
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Buyucek ??? ??? 0 Haran Sanliurfa
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Büyüktepe ??? ??? 0 Mardin
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Çavustepe c. 800 BC c. 600 BC 200 Van
Urartu
Sardurihinili
c. 800 BC -- c. 600 BC
Cudi Dagh ??? ??? 0 Sirnak
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Degirmen Höyük ??? ??? 0 Gaziantep
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Derinkuyu c. 800 BC c. 500 BC 300 Derinkuyu Nevsehir
Unknown
Derinkuyu
c. 800 BC -- c. 500 BC
Devehüyük c. 1000 BC ??? 100999 Nezip Gaziantep
Unknown
???
c. 1000 BC -- ???
Duruca ??? ??? 0 Duruca Mardin
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Eflatun Pinar c. 1800 BC c. 1300 AD 3100 Konya
Hittite
Eflatun Pinar
c. 1800 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Unknown
Eflatun Pinar
c. 1200 BC -- c. 900 AD
Seljuq
Eflatun Pinar
c. 900 AD -- c. 1300 AD
Ger Senli ??? ??? 0 Kilis
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Göbekli Tepe c. 10000 BC c. 7000 BC 3000 Örencik Sanliurfa
Unknown
Göbekli Tepe
c. 10000 BC -- c. 7000 BC
Gordium c. 1200 BC c. 300 BC 900 Polath Ankara
Thracian
Gordium
c. 1200 BC -- c. 900 BC
Phrygian
Gordium
c. 900 BC -- c. 300 BC
Gre Virike c. 4000 BC ??? 103999 Gaziantep
Unknown
???
c. 4000 BC -- ???
Guzana c. 8000 BC 1258 AD 9258 Sanliurfa
Unknown
Guzana
c. 8000 BC -- c. 7000 BC
Proto-Hassuna
Guzana
c. 7000 BC -- c. 6500 BC
Hassuna
Guzana
c. 6500 BC -- c. 6100 BC
Proto-Halaf
Guzana
c. 6100 BC -- c. 5900 BC
Halaf
Guzana
c. 5900 BC -- c. 5000 BC
Ubaid
Guzana
c. 5000 BC -- c. 3700 BC
Sumerian
Guzana
c. 3700 BC -- c. 2900 BC
Akkadian
Guzana
c. 2900 BC -- c. 2000 BC
Babylonian
Guzana
c. 2000 BC -- c. 1500 BC
Mitanni
Guzana
c. 1500 BC -- c. 1300 BC
Assyrian
Guzana
c. 1300 BC -- c. 1060 BC
Aramaean
Guzana
c. 1060 BC -- c. 900 BC
Neo-Assyrian
Guzana
c. 900 BC -- 612 BC
Babylonian
Guzana
612 BC -- 539 BC
Achaemenid
Guzana
539 BC -- 330 BC
Seleucid
Guzana
330 BC -- 120 BC
Parthian
Guzana
120 BC -- 250 AD
Sassanid
Guzana
250 AD -- c. 400 AD
Byzantine
Guzana
c. 400 AD -- 636 AD
Arab
Guzana
636 AD -- 1258 AD
Hacinebi Höyügü c. 4000 BC ??? 103999 Sanliurfa
Unknown
???
c. 4000 BC -- ???
Harran c. 2500 BC c. 1200 AD 3700 Haran Sanliurfa
Assyrian
Harranu
c. 2500 BC -- c. 1000 BC
Neo-Assyrian
Harranu
c. 1000 BC -- c. 650 BC
Neo-Babylonian
Harranu
c. 650 BC -- c. 600 BC
Median
Harranu
c. 600 BC -- c. 500 BC
Achaemenid
Harranu
c. 500 BC -- 331 BC
Seleucid
Hellenopolis
331 BC -- c. 100 BC
Roman
Carrhae
c. 100 BC -- 476 AD
Byzantine
Carrhae
476 AD -- c. 650 AD
Arab
?arran
c. 650 AD -- c. 1200 AD
Hattusa c. 6000 BC c. 1200 BC 4800 Hatti Corum
Unknown
Hattusa
c. 6000 BC -- c. 2300 BC
Hattian
Hattusa
c. 2300 BC -- c. 1650 BC
Hittite
Hattusa
c. 1650 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Karatepe c. 1500 BC c. 700 BC 800 Karatepe Osmaniye
Cilician
Karatepe
c. 1500 BC -- c. 1300 BC
Hittite
Karatepe
c. 1300 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Neo-Hittite
Karatepe
c. 1200 BC -- c. 700 BC
Kargamis c. 1800 BC c. 1200 BC 600 Gaziantep
Hittite
Kargamis
c. 1800 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Kaunos c. 2000 BC c. 1500 AD 3500 Koycegiz Mugla
Lycian
Kaunos
c. 2000 BC -- c. 1000 BC
Carian
Kbid
c. 1000 BC -- c. 546 BC
Achaemenid
Kaunos
546 BC -- 479 BC
Greek
Kaunos
479 BC -- 387 BC
Achaemenid
Kaunos
387 BC -- 334 BC
Greek
Kaunos
334 BC -- 189 BC
Roman
Peraea
189 BC -- c. 400 AD
Byzantine
Caunos-Hegia
c. 400 AD -- c. 1500 AD
Kiziltepe c. 1100 AD c. 1200 AD 100 Dikmen Mardin
Artuqid
Beldesi
c. 1100 AD -- c. 1200 AD
Koruklu ??? ??? 0 Haran Sanliurfa
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Kültepe c. 2300 BC c. 300 AD 2600 Kayseri
Hattian
Kaneša
c. 2300 BC -- c. 2000 BC
Hittite
Kaneša
c. 2000 BC -- c. 1600 BC
Hurrian
Kaneša
c. 1600 BC -- c. 1300 BC
Unknown
Kaneša
c. 1300 BC -- c. 300 BC
Roman
Kaneša
c. 300 BC -- c. 300 AD
Kusçu ??? ??? 0 Derik Mardin
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Meydankapi ??? ??? 0 Haran Sanliurfa
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Mezraa Höyük c. 6100 BC c. 330 BC 5770 Burcik Sanliurfa
Proto-Halaf
Mezraa Höyük
c. 6100 BC -- c. 5900 BC
Hassuna
Mezraa Höyük
c. 5900 BC -- c. 5250 BC
Neo-Assyrian
Mezraa Höyük
c. 900 BC -- c. 600 BC
Achaemenid
Mezraa Höyük
c. 550 BC -- c. 330 BC
Mezraa Teleilat Höyük c. 6100 BC c. 330 BC 5770 Burcik Sanliurfa
Proto-Halaf
Mezraa Teleilat Höyük
c. 6100 BC -- c. 5900 BC
Hassuna
Mezraa Teleilat Höyük
c. 5900 BC -- c. 5250 BC
Neo-Assyrian
Mezraa Teleilat Höyük
c. 900 BC -- c. 600 BC
Achaemenid
Mezraa Teleilat Höyük
c. 550 BC -- c. 330 BC
Misraab ??? ??? 0 Kilis
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Nemrut 163 BC 72 AD 235 Sincik Adiyaman
Commagene
Nemrut
163 BC -- 72 AD
Nisibis c. 1000 BC c. 600 BC 400 Nasabina Mardin
Assyrian
Nisibis
c. 1000 BC -- c. 600 BC
Pisidia c. 1500 BC c. 1300 AD 2800 Yalvaç Isparta
Pisidian
Pisidia
c. 1500 BC -- c. 330 BC
Greek
Pisidia
c. 330 BC -- c. 323 BC
Seleucid
Pisidia
c. 323 BC -- 188 BC
Attalid
Pisidia
188 BC -- 133 BC
Roman
Pisidia
133 BC -- c. 120 BC
Cappadocian
Pisidia
c. 120 BC -- c. 110 BC
Cilician
Pisidia
c. 110 BC -- 102 BC
Roman
Pisidia
102 BC -- c. 400 AD
Byzantine
Pisidia
c. 400 AD -- c. 1000 AD
Seljuq
Pisidia
c. 1000 AD -- c. 1100 AD
Byzantine
Pisidia
c. 1100 AD -- 1176 AD
Seljuq
Pisidia
1176 AD -- c. 1300 AD
Purushanda ??? ??? 0 Yesiltepe Aksaray
Hittite
Purushanda
??? -- ???
Sadi Tepe Höyügü ??? ??? 0 Gaziantep
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Sagalassos c. 1000 BC ??? 100999 Burdur
Pisidian
Sagalassos
c. 1000 BC -- 333 BC
Greek
Sagalassos
333 BC -- ???
Samuha c. 1500 BC c. 1200 BC 300 Dogansehir Malatya
Hittite
Samuha
c. 1500 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Sapinuwa c. 1700 BC c. 1400 BC 300 Orta Corum
Hittite
Sapinuwa
c. 1700 BC -- c. 1400 BC
Tarsos c. 1800 BC 1923 AD 3723 Mersin
Hittite
Tarsos
c. 1800 BC -- c. 1100 BC
Assyrian
Tarsos
c. 1100 BC -- c. 500 BC
Achaemenid
Tarsos
c. 500 BC -- c. 330 BC
Seleucid
Tarsos
c. 330 BC -- c. 100 BC
Roman
Tarsos
c. 100 BC -- c. 330 AD
Byzantine
Tarsos
c. 330 AD -- 637 AD
Rashidun
Tarsos
637 AD -- c. 661 AD
Umayyad
Tarsos
c. 661 AD -- 965 AD
Byzantine
Tarsos
c. 965 AD -- 1097 AD
Seljuq
Tarsos
1097 AD -- 1359 AD
Ramadanid
Tarsos
1359 AD -- 1516 AD
Ottoman
Tarsos
1516 AD -- 1832 AD
Egyptian
Tarsos
1832 AD -- 1840 AD
Ottoman
Tarsos
1840 AD -- 1923 AD
Tell Asagideren ??? ??? 0 Haran Sanliurfa
Unknown
???
??? -- ???
Tell Ermen c. 1100 AD c. 1200 AD 100 Mardin
Artuqid
Kizil Tepe
c. 1100 AD -- c. 1200 AD
Termessos c. 1000 BC ??? 100999 Korkudeli Antalya
Pisidian
Termessos
c. 1000 BC -- 333 BC
Greek
Termessos
333 BC -- ???
Tlos c. 2000 BC c. 750 AD 2750 Fethieh Mugla
Lycian
Tlawa
c. 2000 BC -- c. 0 AD
Roman
Tlos
c. 0 AD -- c. 300 AD
Byzantine
Tlos
c. 300 AD -- c. 750 AD
Toprakkale c. 800 BC c. 600 BC 200 Van
Urartu
Rusahinili
c. 800 BC -- c. 600 BC
Troy c. 1300 BC c. 450 BC 850 Ezine Canakkale
Greek
Troia
c. 1300 BC -- c. 450 BC
Tyana c. 1200 BC 933 AD 2133 Bor Nigde
Thracian
Thoana
c. 1200 BC -- c. 1000 BC
Neo-Hittite
Thoana
c. 1000 BC -- c. 600 BC
Cappadocian
Tyana
c. 600 BC -- 372 AD
Byzantine
Thoana
372 AD -- 806 AD
Abbasid
Tyana
806 AD -- 933 AD
Van c. 900 BC c. 1900 AD 2800 Van Van
Urartu
Tushpa
c. 900 BC -- c. 700 BC
Orontid
Tushpa
c. 700 BC -- c. 550 BC
Achaemenid
Tushpa
c. 550 BC -- 331 BC
Greek
Tushpa
331 BC -- 305 BC
Seleucid
Tushpa
305 BC -- 200 BC
Armenian
Tosp
c. 200 BC -- 628 AD
Byzantine
Tosp
628 AD -- 640 AD
Rashidun
Tosp
640 AD -- 661 AD
Umayyad
Tosp
661 AD -- 750 AD
Abbasid
Tosp
750 AD -- c. 900 AD
Armenian
Tosp
c. 900 AD -- 1021 AD
Byzantine
Tosp
1021 AD -- 1071 AD
Seljuq
Tosp
1071 AD -- c. 1100 AD
Ahlatshah
Tosp
c. 1100 AD -- 1207 AD
Ayyubid
Tosp
1207 AD -- c. 1240 AD
Mongol
Tosp
c. 1240 AD -- c. 1300 AD
Kara Koyunlu
Tosp
c. 1300 AD -- c. 1370 AD
Timurid
Tosp
c. 1370 AD -- c. 1502 AD
Safavid
Tosp
1502 AD -- 1515 AD
Ottoman
Tosp
1515 AD -- 1520 AD
Safavid
Tosp
1520 AD -- 1548 AD
Ottoman
Tosp
1548 AD -- c. 1900 AD
Yadiya c. 1725 BC c. 1200 BC 525 Zincirli Gaziantep
Hittite
Yadiya
c. 1725 BC -- c. 1200 BC
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