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Europe

Current Name Founded Destroyed Age City Province/State Country  
Aachen c. 1000 BC 2013 AD 3013 Achenbach Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany
Celtic
Aachen
c. 1000 BC -- c. 0 AD
Roman
Aachen
c. 0 AD -- c. 500 AD
Frank
Aachen
c. 500 AD -- 962 AD
Holy Roman
Aachen
962 AD -- 1531 AD
French (Republic)
Aachen
1794 AD -- 1815 AD
Prussian
Aachen
1815 AD -- c. 1850 AD
German
Aachen
c. 1850 AD -- 2013 AD
Abdera c. 500 BC c. 300 AD 800 Almería Andalucia Spain
Carthaginian
Abdera
c. 500 BC -- c. 200 BC
Roman
Abdera
c. 200 BC -- c. 300 AD
Adrano c. 400 BC c. 1250 AD 1650 Adernó Sicilia Italy
Greek
Adranon
c. 400 BC -- 263 BC
Roman
Adranum
263 BC -- c. 200 AD
Ostrogoth
Adrano
c. 500 AD -- c. 550 AD
Byzantine
Adrano
c. 550 AD -- c. 950 AD
Abbasid
Adrano
c. 950 AD -- 1075 AD
Norman
Adrano
1075 AD -- c. 1250 AD
Alesia c. 250 BC c. 300 AD 550 France
Mandubii
Alesia
c. 250 BC -- 52 BC
Roman
Alesia
52 BC -- c. 300 AD
Amphipolis c. 3000 BC 357 BC 2643 Palaikómi Serrai Greece
Unknown
Amphipolis
c. 3000 BC -- c. 1000 BC
Illyrian
Amphipolis
c. 800 BC -- c. 700 BC
Macedonian
Amphipolis
479 BC -- 357 BC
Antigonia c. 300 BC 167 BC 133 Libhova Gjirokaster Albania
Greek
Antigonia
c. 300 BC -- 167 BC
Aquae Iasae c. 300 BC c. 200 AD 500 Ljubescica Varazdinska Croatia
Roman
Aquae Iasae
c. 300 BC -- c. 200 AD
Aquincum c. 250 BC c. 300 AD 550 Pest Hungary
Eravisci
Ak-ink
c. 250 BC -- c. 0 AD
Roman
Aquincum
c. 0 AD -- c. 300 AD
Arapaj c. 500 AD ??? 99499 Arapaj Durres Albania
Byzantine
???
c. 500 AD -- ???
Argidava c. 100 BC c. 300 AD 400 Varadia Caras-Severin Romania
Dacian
Argidava
c. 100 BC -- c. 200 AD
Roman
Argidava
c. 200 AD -- c. 300 AD
Arkaim c. 2000 BC c. 1800 BC 200 Bredinskaya Chelyabinsk Russia
Sintashta
Arkaim
c. 2000 BC -- c. 1800 BC
Athens c. 1000 BC 2013 AD 3013 Attiki Greece
Greek
Athens
c. 1000 BC -- c. 133 BC
Roman
Athens
133 BC -- 529 AD
Byzantine
Athens
529 AD -- 1204 AD
Latin
Athens
1204 AD -- 1458 AD
Ottoman
Athens
1458 AD -- 1832 AD
Greek
Athens
1832 AD -- 2013 AD
Augsburg 15 BC 1803 AD 1818 Augsberg Bayern Germany
Roman
Augusta Vindelicorum
15 BC -- c. 300 AD
Byzantine
Augusta Vindelicorum
c. 300 AD -- c. 400 AD
Hun
Augusta Vindelicorum
c. 400 AD -- c. 700 AD
Frank
Augsburg
c. 700 AD -- 962 AD
Holy Roman
Augsburg
962 AD -- 1276 AD
Settlement
Augsburg
1276 AD -- 1803 AD
Barcelona c. 250 BC 2013 AD 2263 Barcelona Catalonia Spain
Carthaginian
Barca
c. 250 BC -- 218 BC
Roman
Barcino
218 BC -- 414 AD
Visigoth
Barchinona
414 AD -- 711 AD
Moor
Barshiluna
711 AD -- 801 AD
Frank
Barcelona
801 AD -- c. 950 AD
Aragon
Barcelona
1162 AD -- c. 1469 AD
Spanish
Barcelona
1469 AD -- 2013 AD
Berlin c. 1200 AD 2013 AD 813 Berlin Berlin Germany
Slav
Berlin
c. 1200 AD -- c. 1300 AD
German
Berlin
c. 1300 AD -- 1701 AD
Prussian
Berlin
1701 AD -- 1806 AD
French (Republic)
Berlin
1806 AD -- 1815 AD
Prussian
Berlin
1815 AD -- 1871 AD
German (Empire)
Berlin
1871 AD -- 1918 AD
German
Berlin
1918 AD -- 2013 AD
Bilina 1527 AD c. 1800 AD 273 Sibensko-Kninska Croatia
Croatian
Bilina
1527 AD -- c. 1800 AD
Biskupin c. 1300 BC c. 500 BC 800 Znin Kujawsko-Pomorskie Poland
Lusatian
Biskupin
c. 1300 BC -- c. 500 BC
Borsh c. 300 BC 1912 AD 2212 Borsc Vlore Albania
Roman
Sopotos
c. 300 BC -- c. 450 AD
Byzantine
Sopotos
c. 450 AD -- c. 1200 AD
Epirus
Sopotos
c. 1200 AD -- 1431 AD
Turk
Sopotos
1431 AD -- 1481 AD
Albanian
Sopotos
1481 AD -- 1492 AD
Turk
Sopotos
1482 AD -- 1570 AD
Venetian
Sopotos
1570 AD -- 1571 AD
Ottoman
Borsh
1571 AD -- 1912 AD
Bribir c. 0 AD c. 300 AD 300 Zaton Sibensko-Kninska Croatia
Roman
Varvaria
c. 0 AD -- c. 300 AD
Brú na Bóinne c. 3500 BC c. 3000 BC 500 Donore Meath Ireland
Boyne
Brú na Bóinne
c. 3500 BC -- c. 3000 BC
Burnum c. 33 BC c. 500 AD 533 Sibensko-Kninska Croatia
Roman
Burnum
c. 33 BC -- c. 400 AD
Ostrogoth
Burnum
c. 400 AD -- c. 500 AD
Byllis c. 450 BC c. 1400 AD 1850 Bylysh Gjirokaster Albania
Illyrian
Byllis
c. 450 BC -- c. 400 BC
Greek
Byllis
c. 400 BC -- c. 300 BC
Roman
Byllis
c. 300 BC -- c. 450 AD
Byzantine
Byllis
c. 450 AD -- c. 1400 AD
Capidava c. 500 BC c. 1050 AD 1550 Topal Constanta Romania
Dacian
Capidava
c. 500 BC -- c. 200 AD
Roman
Capidava
c. 200 AD -- c. 600 AD
Byzantine
Capidava
c. 600 AD -- c. 1050 AD
Daorson c. 300 BC c. 50 BC 250 Stolac Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Illyrian
Daorson
c. 300 BC -- c. 50 BC
Frankfurt c. 0 AD c. 1806 AD 1806 Frankfurt Güldendorf Brandenburg Germany
Roman
Frankfurt
c. 0 AD -- 260 AD
Alemanni
Frankfurt
260 AD -- c. 500 AD
Frank
Frankfurt
c. 500 AD -- 843 AD
East Francian
Frankfurt
843 AD -- c. 900 AD
Holy Roman
Frankfurt
c. 900 AD -- 1372 AD
Settlement
Frankfurt
1372 AD -- c. 1806 AD
Galatas c. 2500 BC c. 1200 BC 1300 Galatá Iraklion Greece
Minoan
Galatas
c. 2500 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Ggantija c. 3600 BC ??? 103599 Xaghra Gozo and Comino Malta
Neolithic
???
c. 3600 BC -- ???
Ggantija c. 3600 BC c. 2500 BC 1100 Xaghra Gozo and Comino Malta
Unknown
Ggantija
c. 3600 BC -- c. 2500 BC
Giecz c. 900 AD 1331 AD 431 Wielkopolskie Poland
Polish
Giecz
c. 900 AD -- 1331 AD
Gla c. 1600 BC c. 1100 BC 500 Kotróni Voiotia Greece
Mycenaean
Gla
c. 1600 BC -- c. 1100 BC
Glevum 96 AD 577 AD 481 Gloucestershire United Kingdom
Roman
Glevum
96 AD -- c. 475 AD
Briton
Glevum
c. 475 AD -- 577 AD
Gournia c. 2500 BC c. 1200 BC 1300 Káto Khorió Lasithi Greece
Minoan
Gournia
c. 2500 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Hagar Qim c. 3600 BC c. 2500 BC 1100 Qrendi South Eastern Malta
Unknown
Hagar Qim
c. 3600 BC -- c. 2500 BC
Herculaneum ??? ??? 0 Ercolano Campania Italy
Roman
Herculaneum
??? -- ???
Karalis c. 800 BC 2015 AD 2815 Cagliari Sardegna Italy
Phoenician
Karalis
c. 800 BC -- c. 500 BC
Carthaginian
Karalis
c. 500 BC -- 238 BC
Roman
Karalis
238 BC -- c. 476 AD
Vandal
Karalis
c. 476 AD -- c. 533 AD
Byzantine
Karalis
c. 533 AD -- c. 1400 AD
Sardinia
Cagliari
c. 1400 AD -- 1861 AD
Italian
Cagliari
1861 AD -- 2015 AD
Knossos c. 7000 BC c. 1200 BC 5800 Knosós Iraklion Greece
Neolithic
Knossos
c. 7000 BC -- c. 2500 BC
Minoan
Knossos
c. 2500 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Krzemionki c. 3900 BC c. 1600 BC 2300 Swiety Krzyz Swietokrzyskie Poland
Funnelbeaker
Krzemionki
c. 3900 BC -- c. 1600 BC
Larissa 302 BC ??? 100301 Larisa Greece
Macedonian
Larissa
302 BC -- ???
Malia c. 2500 BC c. 1200 BC 1300 Áno Moúlia Iraklion Greece
Minoan
Malia
c. 2500 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Mnajdra c. 3600 BC c. 2500 BC 1100 Qrendi South Eastern Malta
Unknown
Mnajdra
c. 3600 BC -- c. 2500 BC
Mogorjelo c. 300 AD c. 500 AD 200 Capljina Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Roman
Mogorjelo
c. 300 AD -- c. 400 AD
Visigoth
Mogorjelo
c. 400 AD -- c. 500 AD
Mycenae c. 3500 BC 468 BC 3032 Ayía Triás Argolis Greece
Neolithic
Mycenae
c. 3500 BC -- c. 1600 BC
Mycenaean
Mycenae
c. 1600 BC -- c. 1100 BC
Unknown
Mycenae
c. 1100 BC -- c. 800 BC
Sparta
Mycenae
c. 800 BC -- 468 BC
Narbonne c. 118 BC c. 888 AD 1006 Languedoc-Roussillon France
Roman
Narbonne
c. 118 BC -- 462 AD
Visigoth
Narbonne
462 AD -- 719 AD
Córdoba
Narbonne
719 AD -- c. 725 AD
Umayyad
Narbonne
c. 725 AD -- 759 AD
Carolingian
Narbonne
759 AD -- c. 888 AD
Ohrid c. 400 BC c. 50 BC 350 Ohrid Ohrid Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Illyrian
Ohrid
c. 400 BC -- c. 50 BC
Ostrów Lednicki c. 1000 AD c. 1500 AD 500 Gniazdow Wielkopolskie Poland
Polish
Gród
c. 1000 AD -- c. 1500 AD
Palermo 734 BC ??? 100733 Palermo Sicilia Italy
Phoenician
Zis
734 BC -- 480 BC
Carthaginian
Panormos
c. 480 BC -- c. 276 BC
Greek
Panormos
c. 276 BC -- c. 253 BC
Roman
Panormos
c. 253 BC -- c. 535 AD
Byzantine
Panormos
535 AD -- c. 831 AD
Moor
Palermo
c. 831 AD -- c. 948 AD
Sicilian
Palermo
c. 948 AD -- c. 1071 AD
Norman
Palermo
c. 1071 AD -- c. 1200 AD
Sicilian
Palermo
c. 1200 AD -- c. 1860 AD
Italian
Palermo
c. 1860 AD -- ???
Pamplona 74 BC 1276 AD 1350 Navarra Spain
Roman
Pamplona
74 BC -- 409 AD
Visigoth
Pamplona
409 AD -- 714 AD
Moor
Pamplona
714 AD -- 740 AD
Caliphate of Córdoba
Pamplona
740 AD -- 755 AD
Frank
Pamplona
755 AD -- 778 AD
Caliphate of Córdoba
Pamplona
778 AD -- 806 AD
Frank
Pamplona
806 AD -- 824 AD
Settlement
Pamplona
824 AD -- 1083 AD
Navarre
Pamplona
1083 AD -- 1276 AD
Phaistos c. 4000 BC c. 1200 BC 2800 Iraklion Greece
Neolithic
Phaistos
c. 4000 BC -- c. 2500 BC
Minoan
Phaistos
c. 2500 BC -- c. 1200 BC
Pompeii c. 700 BC 79 AD 779 Naples Campania Italy
Osci
Pompeii
c. 700 BC -- c. 600 BC
Etruscan
Pompeii
c. 600 BC -- 525 BC
Greek
Pompeii
525 BC -- 474 BC
Samnite
Pompeii
474 BC -- c. 400 BC
Roman
Pompeii
c. 400 BC -- 79 AD
Pula c. 250 BC 1797 AD 2047 Istarska Croatia
Illyrian
Pula
c. 250 BC -- 177 BC
Roman
Pula
177 BC -- 493 AD
Ostrogoth
Pula
493 AD -- 538 AD
Byzantine
Pula
540 AD -- 751 AD
Frank
Pula
788 AD -- 1077 AD
Venetian
Pula
1148 AD -- 1797 AD
Pylos c. 1600 BC c. 100 BC 1500 Pýlos Messinia Greece
Mycenaean
Pylos
c. 1600 BC -- c. 1100 BC
Unknown
Pylos
c. 1100 BC -- c. 800 BC
Sparta
Pylos
c. 800 BC -- c. 100 BC
Reccopolis 578 AD c. 900 AD 322 Zorita Extremadura Spain
Visigoth
Reccopolis
578 AD -- 711 AD
Moor
Madinät Raqquba
711 AD -- c. 900 AD
Rome ??? c. 300 AD 99699 Roma Lazio Italy
Italian
Roma
??? -- 2013 AD
Roman
Rome
753 BC -- c. 300 AD
Sarai c. 1245 AD c. 1350 AD 105 Sarai Ryazan' Russia
Golden Horde
Sarai Batu
c. 1245 AD -- c. 1350 AD
Sarmizegetusa Regia c. 100 BC c. 300 AD 400 Hunedoara Romania
Dacian
Sarmizegetusa Regia
c. 100 BC -- 106 AD
Roman
Sarmizegetusa Regia
106 AD -- c. 300 AD
Silistra c. 1000 BC ??? 100999 Silistra Bulgaria
Thracian
Durostorum
c. 1000 BC -- c. 900 BC
Roman
Durostorum
29 AD -- 330 AD
Byzantine
Durostorum
330 AD -- c. 750 AD
Bulgarian
Drastar
c. 750 AD -- 969 AD
Kievan Rus'
Drastar
969 AD -- 971 AD
Byzantine
Theodoropolis
971 AD -- 976 AD
Bulgarian
Drastar
976 AD -- 1001 AD
Byzantine
Theodoropolis
1001 AD -- 1186 AD
Bulgarian
Drastar
1186 AD -- c. 1400 AD
Ottoman
Silistra
c. 1400 AD -- 1878 AD
Bulgarian
Silistra
1878 AD -- ???
Skorba c. 3600 BC c. 2500 BC 1100 Żebbiegħ Northern Malta
Unknown
Skorba
c. 3600 BC -- c. 2500 BC
Sparta c. 1500 BC 192 BC 1308 Sparta Lakonia Greece
Mycenaean
Sparta
c. 1500 BC -- c. 1100 BC
Dorian
Sparta
c. 1100 BC -- c. 900 BC
Sparta
Sparta
c. 900 BC -- 192 BC
Ta' Hagrat c. 3600 BC c. 2500 BC 1100 Mgarr Northern Malta
Unknown
Ta' Hagrat
c. 3600 BC -- c. 2500 BC
Tarxien c. 3600 BC c. 2500 BC 1100 Tarxien Outer Harbour Malta
Unknown
Tarxien
c. 3600 BC -- c. 2500 BC
Terracina c. 800 BC c. 1400 AD 2200 Tarquinia Lazio Italy
Etruscan
Tarchna
c. 800 BC -- c. 329 BC
Roman
Terracina
c. 329 BC -- c. 500 AD
Byzantine
Terracina
c. 500 AD -- c. 1400 AD
Tiryns c. 1600 BC 468 BC 1132 Tírins Argolis Greece
Mycenaean
Tiryns
c. 1600 BC -- c. 1100 BC
Unknown
Tiryns
c. 1100 BC -- c. 800 BC
Sparta
Tiryns
c. 800 BC -- 468 BC
Toledo c. 250 BC c. 1700 AD 1950 Spain
Carthaginian
Toledo
c. 250 BC -- c. 200 BC
Roman
Toledo
c. 200 BC -- c. 400 AD
Visigoth
Toledo
c. 400 AD -- 711 AD
Moor
Toledo
711 AD -- 761 AD
Caliphate of Córdoba
Toledo
761 AD -- 920 AD
Banu Qasi
Toledo
920 AD -- 932 AD
Umayyad
Tulaytulah
932 AD -- 1085 AD
Crown of Castile
Toledo
1085 AD -- c. 1700 AD
Toulouse c. 0 AD 2013 AD 2013 Midi-Pyrenees France
Celtic
Toulouse
c. 0 AD -- c. 200 AD
Roman
Toulouse
c. 200 AD -- c. 400 AD
Visigoth
Toulouse
c. 400 AD -- c. 700 AD
Frank
Toulouse
c. 700 AD -- c. 950 AD
Toulouse
Tolosa
c. 950 AD -- 1271 AD
French (Kingdom)
Toulouse
1271 AD -- 1792 AD
French (Republic)
Toulouse
1792 AD -- 2013 AD
Truso c. 850 AD c. 1000 AD 150 Nowy Dwor Pomorskie Poland
Pomesanian
Truso
c. 850 AD -- c. 1000 AD
Üllo5 c. 500 BC c. 300 AD 800 Ullo Pest Hungary
Sarmatian
Üllo5
c. 500 BC -- c. 300 AD
Vetulonia c. 800 BC c. 500 AD 1300 Gavorrano Toscana Italy
Etruscan
Vetluna
c. 800 BC -- c. 400 BC
Roman
Vetulonia
c. 400 BC -- c. 500 AD
Zakros c. 1900 BC c. 1450 BC 450 Iraklion Greece
Minoan
Zakros
c. 1900 BC -- c. 1450 BC
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